Leadership Principles – Volume 3

In this, the final post of our Leadership series, we look at the last three of George Marshall‘s Nine Principles, including:

  • Focusing on the Big Picture: The Principle of Vision
  • Laying the Groundwork: The Principle of Preparation
  • Sharing Knowledge:  The Principle of Learning and Teaching

We’ll also distill all of the Principles and postings down to a simple summary of what it all means.

First, let’s review the last three, and how they can apply to your organization.  While these particular principles apply to the leader, they also have a significant impact on the entire organization and how it operates.

Focusing on the Big Picture: the Principle of Vision
Every organization must have a vision that defines its direction and objectives for the future.  Unfortunately, many small and medium size organizations (and some large ones, as well), do not have a vision, or have a vision that has not been shared.  As a result, these organizations tend to swing from one direction to another over time, with no alignment of performance or goals, and their leaders tend to apply the management solution du jour to try to identify where it is ultimately going.

Effective leaders first establish a vision, and communicate it, clearly, to the entire organization.  This allows for  identification of those areas/actions that the organization must focus on, and alignment of the activities and objectives required to achieve that vision.

Leaders must also identify the members of the organization that either choose not to support the vision, or that can’t or won’t see the big picture, and move them out quickly.  In addition, trivial activities, that don’t move the organization in the right direction, should be avoided so as not to get bogged down, or distracted.

Laying the Groundwork: The Principle of Preparation
As organizations begin to make significant progress toward the vision, some leaders may get complacent and put the required activities on auto pilot.  As a result, they are surprised when events or issues occur that take them off course, and/or threaten their future. The key is to prepare for these potential events.

First, there is no such thing as an organization just staying in place.  If it is not moving forward, it is actually moving backward.  The leader and organization must constantly review their operations to identify for new opportunities for growth and improvement, and worst case scenarios.  This ongoing review will allow the organization to prepare and plan for the potential future, and stay on course, regardless of event.

Sharing Knowledge:  the Principle of Learning and Teaching
As noted above, organizations cannot stand still, and must constantly evolve, and move forward through learning and teaching.  This is especially true in today’s environment, where conditions and technology are changing so quickly, that it is critical to understand and stay ahead of those changes.  Without this learning and teaching, organizations continue to repeat the errors of the past.

Effective leaders learn constantly and share their learning, expertise and vision with their organizations on a regular basis.  In fact, Jeffrey Immelt, the Chairman and CEO of General Electric, states that one of a “leaders primary role, is to teach the organization. People have to feel that you are willing to share what you’ve learned, and what the organization is doing, in terms that are understood by all.”

One tool to accomplish this is for the leader to ask their organizations from time to time, “What do you think we should do?” to resolve a particular issue.  This helps the leader connect with, share, and teach their organizations to think constantly about different ways to solve problems and issues, and exploit new opportunities for the future.

What Does This All Mean?
If we summarize the Nine Principles, and related postings over the past few weeks, we can simply say that:

True leaders have the values and courage required to establish, and communicate, the vision and direction of the organization.  They establish open cultures that encourage communication and debate, live the values, focus and align activities around the big picture, avoid trivia, and constantly learn and teach the organization to think, prepare for, and identify opportunities and issues. Their organizations are always moving toward the vision, constantly improving, and achieving long-term success.

“A leader is one who knows the way, goes the way, and shows the way.” – John Maxwell

“The very essence of leadership is that you have to have a vision.  It’s got to be a vision you articulate clearly and forcefully on every occasion.  You can’t blow an uncertain trumpet.” – Reverend Theodore Hesburgh

“A true leader has the confidence to stand alone, the courage to make tough decisions, and the compassion to listen to the needs of others.  He does not set out to be a leader, but becomes one by the equality of his actions and the integrity of his intent.”Douglas MacArthur

“Leadership and learning are indispensable to each other.” John F. Kennedy

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